Lesson: Counting the Change Game, Pennies and Nickels
Objective: Child will use pennies and nickels to create specific change, up to 10 cents.
Materials: Coin manipulatives or real coins. Dice. Construction paper. Crayons / writing utensils.
1. Review the pocket chart showing coin values you have been building in the last few lessons. Review that a penny is one cent, a nickel is five cents, and five pennies equal one nickel.
2. On a sheet of construction paper, create a table with three columns. Label the first column, 'Penny', the second column, 'Nickel', and leave the third column blank. I found a cool idea on Pintrest to place a die in a small, lidded, Tupperware-style container (I used a mason jar, because that's what I had handy). This way you don't have dice flying across the room every time you toss them. Pretty cool, huh?
2. Toss the die. I used a die with numbers written on it, instead of dots, to make the game simpler. Write the number that comes up in the third column of your chart. In this case, we got the number 10, so I wrote, '10 cents'.
3. Instruct the child to create, '10 cents', on the chart. She will probably use pennies first, because that is what is most concrete and familiar. Make sure she places all the pennies in the 'Penny' column of the chart.
4. Draw a line underneath the pennies, and ask, "Can you think of another way to show '10 cents'? How about using nickels?" Write, '10 cents' again in the third column. Guide the child in placing two nickels in the 'nickel' column. Count to make sure that it equals 10 cents.
5. Draw a line underneath the nickels, and ask, "Can you think of another way to show, '10 cents'? How about using pennies and nickels?" Guide the child in placing the nickel first in the nickel column, then counting out 5 pennies. Note the questioning look on Sophie's face. This will be difficult at first. Be sure to provide lots of support. It will get easier as the child gets more practice.
6. Roll the die again, and repeat the process. If you need to, add on a second (or third!) sheet of construction paper to continue your chart. I wrote each new money value in a different color, to help distinguish visually.